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In Indonesia gambling has existed since ancient times, in the Mahabharata can be seen that the Pandavas be lost kingdom and banished to the forest for 13 years since losing in gambling games against the Kauravas.
Chicken fighting/cockfighting (Chicken fighting is a game of two chickens in a circle or ring. Usually chicken pitted up one blurred or lost , even to death . The game is usually followed by gambling that takes place not far from the arena fights) is a form of traditional gambling games and is mostly done by the people of Indonesia. When VOC (Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie in Dutch) (1602–1800), a Dutch chartered company) entrenched, to obtain a high income tax from the management of the gambling houses, the VOC government gave permission to the Chinese Kapitan to open a gambling house since 1620. The house gambling it can be inside or outside the fortress city of Batavia.
Since the time Souw Beng Kong, Chinese Kapitan first in Batavia, gambling house officially established. Souw Beng Kong not only take care of gambling but also the manufacture of coins and weigh home for Chinese goods.
He was also given the right to attract excise duty of 20 per cent of the gambling tax imposed VOCs to the owners of the gambling house
Gambling cards and dice, or also called po, quite popular among fans of gambling in Batavia. Chinese society at that time was also already introduced gambling capjiki.
Meanwhile, European or Netherlands lottery game entry Netherlands East Indies in the mid-19th century.