In medieval Europe, remains popular dice game. Ordericus Vitalis (1075-1143) said that when the pastor and bishop of England also love the game of dice. In 1190, King Richard and Philip Augustus, who led the Third Crusade, issued an order limiting the dice game between Crusaders. Knights and priests were only allowed to spend no more than 20 schillings, while the regular army can not play at all.
Two centuries later, in 1334, a British law forbids people wearing masks to go to someone else’s house on Christmas day to play dice. Loaded dice known as moralists of the Middle Ages. There are allegations that say that the dice game Hazard found by the Crusaders during the siege of the fort Hazart. Hazart later adopted as Hazard in English. Also there is a possibility that they learned from the Arabs.
The word “Az-zahr” in Arabic means dice. In the 19th century, the game was developed into the game Craps. Another medieval dice dice with ballast known among moralists. Other games are even the odd game, head or tail, back or side played with a knife thrown into the air. In addition, people also bet in medieval pigeon racing, cockfighting and other contests. Checkers and chess are also not spared from the event teruhan. During the 15th century the popularity of the game of dice is reduced. Replace the card game of dice as the most popular way to gamble. Card game came to Europe from Asia and the Arab world in the mid 14th century.
100 years later the card game spread throughout Europe. Towards the end of the Middle Ages, in addition to card games, lottery became an important form of gambling in Europe. First, lottery appeared in the Roman Empire as a way to distribute the gifts without offending anyone. In Europe, the lottery was originally served the purpose of wasting expensive items that do not have a buyer. Widow Flemish painter Jan van Eyck promote this type of lottery in the year 1446 Bruggs century later the merchants of Venice and Genoa using lotteries to move unsold goods. The first British lottery takes place under Queen Elizabeth in 1569 with a gift of silver, tapestries and money.