In order to properly understand your odds of winning at Craps, you need to be able to determine the house’s advantage over a number of different betting options. Unlike games like Blackjack and Baccarat where the house’s advantage can be stated as one or two numbers, Craps has a board full of betting options that all have a different house advantage percentage tied to them.
The Betting Options
A quick glance at an online Craps table causes some players to pause due to the number of betting options they see. While it might a bit confusing at first, it really is easy to understand if you simply take a few minutes to learn how to play the table and the odds associated with each betting option. From there, it becomes easier to identify where the house’s advantage is the lowest and highest.
The game’s most basic wager is called the pass/don’t pass wager. On a come out roll (the first roll of a sequence), the player automatically wins if they play the pass line and the “shooter rolls a 7 or 11. They automatically lose if the shooter rolls a 2, 3 or 12. If the shooter rolls any other number, it becomes the “point” and the pass line players can only win their wager if the shooter rolls the point number again before they roll a 7, called crapping out.
If the player prefers to play the don’t pass line, the are looking for results that line up exactly the opposite of a pass line bet. In other words, they will win if the shooter rolls a 2 or 3 and lose if the shooter rolls a 7 or 11. Note: the 12 becomes no result. This is done to increase the house’s advantage. Then, they are looking for a 7 before the point hits again.
All other bets on the table are place bets. There are one-roll wagers and perpetual wagers that continue on until the shooter craps out with a seven. The one-roll wagers include the field wager, place bets on the 2, 3, 11 or 12 and combination bets like the any-7, horn bet or any craps. The perpetual wagers include place bets on the 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, plus the “hard ways” or double numbers, the big 6 and big 8 and come bet, which becomes the same thing as a pass line bet.
The Odds of Winning at Craps
Now that you have an understanding of the available wagers, here is the associated house’s advantage, which ultimately establishes the odds against you winning.
The pass line bet carries a house advantage of 1.41%. If players choose to bet the don’t pass, the house’s advantage actually drops to 1.36%. Those are the best odds on the board for the player.
Field bets carry a house advantage of 5.56% while the house’s advantage on the 2, 3, 11 and 12 ranges between 11.11% and 13.89%, the highest on the board aside from the any-7 (16.67%). The hard ways range between 9.09% and 11.11% while the big 6 and 8 come back at 9.09% and the horn bet comes back at 12.5%. That leaves the following place bets with the respective house advantages: 6 and 8 = 1.52%, 5 and 9 = 4.00% and the 4 and 10 = 6.67%.
In summary, the odds against you winning range between 1.36% and 16.67%, depending on how you bet. Make your decisions accordingly.